• The Elves and the Shoemaker

    What follows is a retelling of a story that dates back to the 19th century. The original story was published in an 1812 book of fairy tales written by the Grimm brothers, Jacob and Wilhelm. The Brothers Grimm, as they came to be known, were German researchers, authors, and academics who brought a wide variety of folktales to a very large audience and helped them become popular. As you read, think about the lesson that the author is trying to reveal to the readers

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  • Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

    The Civil Rights Movement was a social movement that began in the mid 1950s and lasted until approximately 1968. This movement fought to end racial segregation and discrimination against AfricanAmericans in the United States. The small moments of resistance by ordinary citizens is what created the foundation for this revolution. As you read, take notes on how civil rights activists were able to create change and how others resisted these positive changes.

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  • The Plymouth Thanksgiving Story

    What is often called the “First Thanksgiving” was a feast that included English settlers and Native Americans in 1621. The feast was a celebration of the settlers’ successful harvest, which the Native Americans played a large role in by teaching the settlers how to successfully grow new kinds of crops. Native American historian and author Chuck Larsen remembers hearing the story as a child and realizing that the Thanksgiving story usually does not focus on the story from the perspective of the Wampanoag, the Indians who helped the Pilgrims. Larsen includes additional details about the Wampanoag in this version of the Thanksgiving story. Thanksgiving has been celebrated as an official federal holiday since 1873. As you read, take notes on how the version of Thanksgiving told in this article is different from versions of the first Thanksgiving that you have heard before.

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  • Sometimes, History is Sadness

    This text discusses the events of September 11, 2001, when a series of four terrorist attacks were carried out across the country. As you read, take notes on the different ways that people face tragedy and heal from it.

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  • How Boots Befooled the King

    Howard Pyle (1853-1911) was an American author and illustrator, primarily of books for young people. In the following tale, a wise king offers his daughter’s hand in marriage to whomever can make a fool out of him. As you read, take notes on the point of view, tone, and theme of the text.

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